Syngas from Gasification
CleanCap deploys basic gasification technologies to further process the waste products into usable byproducts. CleanCap also works with syngas created from upstream gasifiers in certain facilities. Gasification is the process of converting any carbonaceous (carbon-based) raw material into a fuel gas. This process is also called synthesis gas or syngas. Gasification occurs in a gasifier, which is a high pressure, high temperature vessel where oxygen (air) and steam are in direct contact with the material causing a series of chemical reactions creating syngas and the resulting residue, usually in an ash or slag mineral residue form.
Syngas derives its name from history as an intermediate in the production of synthetic natural gas. Syngas’ have a large variety of uses as feedstock for final materials. Composed primarily of colorless, odorless, highly flammable gasses, carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H), syngas can be easily shifted into:
- Methane: Methane is the foundational chemical in natural gas, a clean burning fuel used around the world.
- Hydrogen: When removing carbon monoxide from the syngas pure hydrogen remains. This hydrogen can be refined to make ammonia, fertilizer, refining oils (such as gasoline & diesel fuel), energy & [c9] more. When refining hydrogen, poly-generation plants are commonly producing multiple byproducts through the gasification process.
- Carbon Dioxide: During the above processes, the CO2 is often captured for other uses such as Enhanced Oil Recovery.